A Speech and Language Therapist (SALT) is certified to work with children, younger people and adults who’ve some type of communication disorder. It’s often thought that a Speech and Language Therapist is just able to help with actual speech production issues, but actually the range of services is much wider.
What does a Speech and Language Therapist do?
A therapist working with children and younger individuals will initially assess each comprehension (understanding of language) and expressive language (how language is used).
The Therapist will take a look at varied areas where difficulties might occur including:
* Vocabulary – types of words reminiscent of nouns (naming words), verbs (actions) and prepositions (in, on, under etc.)
* Understanding language constructions corresponding to following instructions – eg. “brush dolly’s hair”, “give me the yellow pencil”
Spoken language may be assessed for the following:
* Speech sounds – often termed phonology. The child or younger individual may not have certain speech sounds in their vocabulary, or might use them inappropriately eg. “dog” becomes “dod” (termed fronting) or “glove” becomes “glub” (termed stopping)
* Articulation difficulties – the production of speech sounds may be troublesome, presumably as a result of a bodily downside such as cleft lip/palate or poor dentition or even a co-orindation problem – Dyspraxia
* Fluency – is there any proof of dysfluency (stammering) or common hesitancy in speech
What might be executed if the child/young person has little or no speech?
Language isn’t only the spoken word but can embody communicating by various various methods. Some of the more widespread ways are:
* Image programs – a simple line drawing is used to signify an object or concept eg. Makaton, Rebus, Mayer Johnson
* Pictures/photo methods – actual photos or images are used to indicate objects, actions etc.
* Signing programs – include British Sign Language (BSL) and Makaton. These systems use manual signs to convey meaning
* Eye pointing – by utilizing a particular board with symbols or photos, it is possible for a mum or dad or carer to interpret what the child/younger particular person needs to communicate by following their eye gaze till it stops at the item they want. This could be useful for children or younger people who have physical difficulties and no speech.
* Communication aids – these can range from simple picture boards to complex computers with voice synthesizers
What different aspects of communication are assessed?
Other areas which Queens speech language pathologist NY and Language Therapists would possibly look at and which underpin communication are:
Listening and a spotlight skills/focus – can the child or young particular person attend to a process? Not to be confused with a listening to impairment – the child or young particular person could hear what is alleged however can’t concentrate sufficiently to process the data
Play and imagination – can the child play alone, alongside others (parallel play) or participate in group play? Is imaginative play present ? eg. putting doll to bed, pretend tea parties
Social communication – can the child or younger particular person interact with others? Do they understand the rules of conversation, corresponding to flip taking, repairing conversations, keeping on matter and appropriate greetings?
Functional use of language – can the child/young particular person use no matter system of communication is acceptable to them to make decisions, comment on occasions, question or refuse?
Behaviour – an incapability to communicate will be very irritating for the child/younger individual and should lead to agitated or difficult behaviour patterns.
How does the Speech and Language Therapist perform the evaluation?
The Speech and Language Therapist will have a look at all areas in which the child/younger person is experiencing difficulty.
* This might embody remark or direct working with them in numerous settings, such as the house, school or college.
* Liaison with people who come into frequent contact with the child/younger individual can be very important. As well as parents, academics, carers, different well being professionals etc. may be consulted.
What happens after evaluation?
After an intensive assessment, remedy options are discussed which might embody one or more of the following options:
– Direct remedy – the therapist working with the child/young particular person on a 1:1 basis
– Indirect therapy – a programme of labor is carried out by a named person eg parent, carer, teaching assistant below the steerage of a Speech and Language Therapist who monitors progress and opinions the programme as crucial
– Changes to communicative setting eg. guaranteeing an acceptable symbols system is used within the home/classroom etc., advising on efficient communication and training staff find out how to use different strategies of communication
Is the Speech and Language Therapist qualified?
All Speech and Language Therapists could have undertaken a 3 or four year degree course at university. Some therapists might have completed a post graduate course after following a earlier degree. Candidates require three A ranges to enter the course, though mature students could also be accepted with equal qualifications.